Chapter Six Supplement

Instruments and Methods

Data files supplied for Chapter S6 exercises:

  • A16_2003_2005_clean_bottle.joa
  • A16_2003_2005_decimated_clean_CTD.joa
  • A16_2003_2005_undecimated_CTD.joa
  • A16S_2005_sta085_bottle.joa
  • A16S_2005_sta085_ctd.joa
  • WOA05_to_match_A16S_2005_sta085.joa
  • WOA05_A16.joa
  • A16S_2005_undecimated__clean_CTD.joa
  • A16N_2003_undecimated__clean_CTD.joa
Download: Chapter S6 Data Files


  • Compare CTD and bottle T, S, O2, sigma-0
  • Compare a single profile (South Atlantic)
  • Compare an entire section

To accomplish this, one will:

  • Use and analyze from various sources:
    • Bottle casts
    • CTD casts
    • Statistically-compiled multi-year average data WOA05
  • Explore differences in depiction of:
    • Ocean temperature
    • Salinity
    • Dissolved oxygen
    • Density
  • Analyze three data types at one location (one profile per data type)
  • Analyze vertical section plots from three data types

DPO Chapter S6 Sections:

DPO JOA examples are available for the following highlighted sections:
S6.1 Introduction
S6.1 The impact of space and time scales on sampling and instrumentation
S6.2 Platforms
S6.2.1 Ocean research vessels
S6.2.2 Propulsion and maneuverability
S6.2.3 Winches, wires and support systems
S6.2.4 Workspaces: Dry labs and wet labs
S6.2.5 Navigation (also section S6.9.13.2)
S6.2.6 Alternative Sampling Platforms
S6.2.6.1 Aircraft
S6.2.6.2 Ships of Opportunity
S6.2.6.3 Special sampling platforms: FLIP
S6.3 Depth and pressure measurements
S6.4 Water property measurements (temperature, salinity, density and tracers)
S6.4.1 Water-sampling bottles
S6.4.2 Temperature measurement
S6.4.2.1 Sea surface temperature
S6.4.2.2 Mercury reversing thermometers
S6.4.2.3 Conductivity, temperature and depth profiler (CTD)
S6.4.2.4 Mechanical Bathythermograph (MBT)
S6.4.2.5 Expendable bathythermograph (XBT) and expendable CTD (XCTD)
S6.4.2.6 Subsurface temperature measurements from floating and moored instruments
S6.4.3 Salinity Measurement
S6.4.3.1 Salinity measurements using titration
S6.4.3.2 Salinity measurements using conductivity
S6.4.3.3 Salinity measurements using refractive index
S6.4.3.4 Standard Seawater
S6.4.4 Density measurement
S6.4.5 Other water properties
S6.5 Current measurements
S6.5.1 Lagrangian methods for surface currents
S6.5.2 Lagrangian methods for subsurface currents
S6.5.3 Lagrangian methods employing tracers
S6.5.4 Eulerian current measurement: mechanical sensors
S6.5.5 Eulerian methods: acoustic and electromagnetic current meters
S6.5.5.1 Acoustic current measurements
S6.5.5.2 Electrical and magnetic field current measurements
S6.5.6 Mooring technology
S6.5.6.1 Subsurface current meter moorings
S6.5.6.2 Deep-sea surface moorings
S6.5.6.3 Large moored buoy programs
S6.6 Acoustic methods for observing changes in temperature or density
S6.6.1 Acoustic tomography
S6.6.2 Inverted Echo Sounder (IES)
S6.7 Sea-level measurement
S6.8 Radiation and optical measurements
S6.9 Satellites
S6.9.1 Satellite remote sensing
S6.9.2 Satellite orbits
S6.9.3 Sensor types
S6.9.5 Sea surface temperature from satellite remote sensing
S6.9.6 Sea surface salinity
S6.9.7 Sea ice
S6.9.8 The Coastal Zone Color Scanner (CZCS) and SeaWiFS
S6.9.9 Sea surface height: satellite altimetry
S6.9.10 Wave height and direction
S6.9.11 Wind speed and direction: scatterometry
S6.9.12 Other satellite sensors and derived products
S6.9.13 Satellite communications and navigation
S6.9.13.1 Satellite communication
S6.9.13.2 Satellite navigation
S6.10 Data archives and data centers
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